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Parents therefore asked the court to allow them to remove their children from schooling following the eighth grade. The justices decided that having their children attend state schooling would substantially compromise the cultural integrity of the Amish community.
Whether or not the individual wishes to be associated with the first kind of culture is of little consequence; for example, people who are born Chinese are part of that culture whether or not they wish to actively partake in the group’s beliefs and practices.
In a more substantial conception of culture, an individual actively participates in and wishes to be recognized as a member of a particular cultural group.
The word usually applies to ethnicity and race—for example, African American culture or German culture—but more contentiously, it may apply to groups of individuals who share traits or similar beliefs, for example, the gay culture or the Christian culture.
Pluralism describes a situation in which the diversity among the cultures of different groups is an accepted part of a civil society.
A pluralist society assumes that schools will foster respect for diversity.
Schools, however, are also charged with protecting the interests of each and every child and with cultivating certain skills and dispositions to help students become fully functioning members of society.In its legal case, the community argued that integrating Amish children with other children in the mainstream culture and having them learn a curriculum that emphasizes science and technology would seriously threaten their accepted way of existence.To the Amish, survival of their way of life is important enough to limit children’s attendance at public schools. Supreme Court agreed to exempt Amish children from compulsory attendance laws after completion of the eighth grade.A frequently cited case in this area is that of the Old Order Amish community in the United States. Yoder case considered whether compulsory school attendance infringes on the religious freedom of parents to raise their children in the Amish way of life.The Amish faith seeks to return to a simpler life, de-emphasising material success, renouncing competitiveness, and insulating members from the outside modern world.Cultural pluralism is a widely used term that has application to and relevance for education.Culture can be defined as a common set of values, beliefs, and social practices, as well as the group of people who share that similar identity.How cultural pluralism should be applied in educational contexts is unclear.Some argue that schools should create a common identity, even if students represent a diverse range of cultures, whereas others insist that this cultural pluralism should be acknowledged and promoted actively in schools.Some cultures are identified by an obvious trait or characteristic: skin color, ethnicity, race, gender, and the like.Other cultures involve people who have a consciously shared aim.