Biographical Essay On Martin Luther King Jr

Biographical Essay On Martin Luther King Jr-63
Peaceful protests were met by fire-hoses and attack-dogs wielded by local police.

Peaceful protests were met by fire-hoses and attack-dogs wielded by local police.

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King gained worldwide recognition for his philosophy of nonviolent social change.

In 1964 he became the youngest person to have received the Nobel Peace Prize.

During his undergraduate studies he was ordained into the Christian ministry. in 1955 from the Boston University School of Theology.

After graduating, King continued his education at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania, finishing at the top of his class. While he was minister at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, King and his wife, Coretta Scott King, had their first child two weeks before Rosa Parks made her fateful decision not to relinquish her seat on a Montgomery city bus to a white man.

After lengthy theological training in the North, King returned to his home region, becoming pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.

As a promising newcomer free from the morass of inter-church politics, King became the leader of the Montgomery Bus Boycott when it broke out in 1955.Indeed, to many African Americans whose rights he helped expand, to many other minorities whose lives his victories touched, and to many whites who welcomed the changes his leadership brought, King's life seemed mythological even as he lived it.He is celebrated as a hero not only for the concrete legislation he enabled, but for his articulation of dreams and hopes shared by many during an era of upheaval and change.The community of black activists felt that these two major victories marked the limit of what gains could be made politically, and thus after 1965 King began to focus on blacks' economic problems.His strategies and speeches concentrated increasingly on class as well as race, and addressed the United States as a whole.Gandhi was not interested in defeating the British, but in redeeming them through love.The reconciliation of power and love, which Gandhi called satyagraha, provided a philosophical basis for his strategy of nonviolent resistance to unjust laws.The episodes immediately following met with less success, but nonetheless provided King with the opportunity to refine his protest strategies.Then, in 1963, King and the SCLC joined a campaign in Birmingham, Alabama, to end segregation there and to force downtown businesses to employ blacks.King equated Gandhi’s concept of satyagraha with , the Greek word for Christian love.He left the lecture convinced that the liberation of African Americans could be achieved through nonviolent resistance predicated upon the power of brotherly love.


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