Common Cold Research Paper

This season for common cold epidemic begins with the predominance in rhinovirus infections in September (10).

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Although infections of the upper respiratory tract often resolve completely without complications, treatment is indicated where it can achieve more rapid resolution of symptoms and prevent the complications.

Vast amounts of money are wasted on over-the-counter products for colds.

In the absence of pre-existing humoral immunity RV infection will cause an induction in innate immune response with the appearence of type 1 interferon (20). A comparison of the effect of honey, dextrometorphan, and no treatment on nocturnal cough and sleep quality for coughing children and their parents. BTS guidelines: Recomendations for the assessment and management of cough in children.

Consistent with the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) results, epithelial eosinophils and neutrophil counts are increased in subjects with asthma when compared with normal subjects during acute RV infection (21).

Common cold symptoms may also be caused by enteroviruses (echoviruses and coxackieviruses) and coronaviruses.

Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) can also be responsible for self-limited upper respiratory infections in addition to pneumonia and bronchiolitis (8,9).Rhinovirus, RSV, Influenza virus, parainfluenza virus and adenovirus are the most common causative organisms for common cold in pre-school children (7).Rhinoviruses are responsible for at least 50 percent of colds in both children and adults.The prevalance of drug use in children is still as high as P in viral infections.In 2011 very well known drugs for cough and common cold were taken off the markets for they had not been FDA (Food and Drug Admnistration) approved (6).Clinical trials have confirmed their lack of efficacy.This review summarizes the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of common cold in children.Infections of the upper respiratory tract are very common in children.Clinical features and patterns of disease are different from those in adults.Many of these viruses may also cause other characteristic syndromes in children.RSV is mainly responsible for bronchiolitis in children younger than age of two years.


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