Kelly is a former history and social studies teacher, and the author of two history books, one on Colonial life and the other on American Presidents.
He is an online course developer for the UK-based Pamoja Education company. The Articles of Confederation established the first governmental structure unifying the 13 colonies that had fought in the American Revolution.
Some of the smaller states ratified the new Constitution quickly, but in most states the ebate continued, hi February of 1788, the Massachusetts convention voted 187 to 168 to ratify the Constitution. In April of 1789 George Washington was inaugurated President, even though two states still had not approved the Constitution. The essay should be logically presented and should include information both from the documents and from your own knowledge outside of the documents. Part A’ I ne Tollowlng documents aaaress various arguments mace In support or, or In opposition to, ratifying the U. Document 1 This excerpt is from a newspaper, The Massachusetts Sentinel, October 20,1787.
It took North Caro-dina until November 1789 and Rhode Island until May 1790 to Join the new government. How would you answer the question if you had no documents to examine? Now, read each document carefully, underlining key phrases and words that address the document-based question. Based on your own knowledge and on the information found in the documents, formulate a thesis that directly answers the question. Organize supportive and relevant information into a brief outline. Question: What were the major arguments used by each side (the supporters and the opponents) in the debates over the ratification of the U. Let us look and behold the distresses which prevail in every part of our country .
In 1786, Shays' Rebellion occurred in western Massachusetts as a protest against rising debt and economic chaos.
However, the national government was unable to gather a combined military force among the states to help put down the rebellion, making clear a serious weakness in the structure of the Articles of Confederation.The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation would quickly lead to problems that the Founding Fathers realized would not be fixable under the current form of government.Many of these issues were brought up during the Annapolis convention of 1786.Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents (1-6). You may also wish to use the margin to make brief notes. the complaints of our farmers the complaints of every class of public creditors the melancholy faces of our working people .As ou analyze the documents, take into account both the source of the document and the author’s point of view. our ships rotting in our harbors the insults that are offered to the American name and character in every court of Europe….In effect, this document created the structure for the confederation of these newly minted 13 states.After many attempts by several delegates to the Continental Congress, a draft by John Dickinson of Pennsylvania was the basis for the final document, which was adopted in 1777.Congress could make treaties with foreign nations, declare war, maintain an army and navy, establish a postal service, manage Native American affairs, and coin money.But Congress could not levy taxes or regulate commerce.But almost soon as the Articles took effect, problems with this approach became apparent.The purpose of the Articles of Confederation was to create a confederation of states whereby each state retained "its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right... expressly delegated to the United States in Congress assembled." Every state was as independent as possible within the central government of the United States, which was only responsible for the common defense, the security of liberties, and the general welfare.