We could then identify the definition in each case that is at the root of the negative emotion.We would then choose a plausible alternative definition for each and then plan for our new responses as well as new emotions.
We could then identify the definition in each case that is at the root of the negative emotion.Tags: Research Paper On Pearl HarborSporting Goods EssayCritical Essay William WordsworthLetter Writing Paper SetsRogers Business Phone PlansProcess Essay How To Lose Weight Without Losing Your MindHomework Help Argumentative Essay
Sometimes we become irritated about matters beyond our control. So why not take advantage of the time you normally waste by practicing your critical thinking during that otherwise wasted time? Did I allow any negative thinking to frustrate me unnecessarily?
Sometimes we jump from one diversion to another, without enjoying any of them. The key is that the time is “gone” even though, if we had thought about it and considered our options, we would never have deliberately spent our time in the way we did.
When you are reading, notice whether you are clear about what you are reading. On a daily basis, you can begin to observe your egocentric thinking in action by contemplating questions like these: Under what circumstances do I think with a bias in favor of myself? Did I do or say anything “irrational” to get my way? Did I ever fail to speak my mind when I felt strongly about something, and then later feel resentment? (Hint: If you find that you continually conclude that a rational person would behave just as you behaved you are probably engaging in self-deception.) Redefine the Way You See Things.
When you orally express or write out your views (for whatever reason), ask yourself whether you are clear about what you are trying to say. Describe a situation that is, or was, emotionally significant to you (that is, that you deeply care about). Once you identify egocentric thinking in operation, you can then work to replace it with more rational thought through systematic self-reflection, thinking along the lines of: What would a rational person feel in this or that situation? We live in a world, both personal and social, in which every situation is “defined,” that is, given a meaning.
In doing this, of course, focus on four techniques of clarification : 1) Stating what you are saying explicitly and precisely (with careful consideration given to your choice of words), 2) Elaborating on your meaning in other words, 3) Giving examples of what you mean from experiences you have had, and 4) Using analogies, metaphors, pictures, or diagrams to illustrate what you mean. How a situation is defined determines not only how we feel about it, but also how we act in it, and what implications it has for us.
In other words, you will frequently STATE, ELABORATE, ILLUSTRATE, AND EXEMPLIFY your points. However, virtually every situation can be defined in more than one way.
As we explain the strategy, we will describe it as if we were talking directly to such a person. 7) Adopt a strategic approach to the problem and follow through on that strategy.
Further details to our descriptions may need to be added for those who know little about critical thinking. This may involve direct action or a carefully thought-through wait-and-see strategy. What would you do differently if you could re-live the situation? Choose one intellectual trait---intellectual perseverance, autonomy, empathy, courage, humility, etc.--- to strive for each month, focusing on how you can develop that trait in yourself.
Be prepared to shift your strategy or your analysis or statement of the problem, or all three, as more information about the problem becomes available to you. Each week, develop a heightened awareness of one of the universal intellectual standards (clarity, precision, accuracy, relevance, depth, breadth, logicalness, significance). Notice when you become defensive when another person tries to point out a deficiency in your work, or your thinking.
Focus one week on clarity, the next on accuracy, etc. Then analyze, in the light of what you have written, what precisely was going on in the situation. Notice when your intellectual arrogance keeps you from learning, for example, when you say to yourself “I already know everything I need to know about this subject.” Or, “I know as much as he does.