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With Socrates, Plato, and the scholastic tradition initiated by Aristotle, the dialectic refers to a movement of the mind in search for truth.The term "dialectic" owes much of its initial prestige to its role in the philosophy of Plato, where it figures as the logical method of philosophy in the Socratic dialectical method of cross-examination.Differences have been due to a great diversity of terminological uses, but more essentially to a tension between two fundamental tendencies.
Hegel never used the words 'thesis, antithesis, synthesis', as we all know.
I read something recently trhat suggests that the first use f the the term was Marx in the Poverty of Philosophy, ad that Marx picked this up from the Berlin Hegel Club where a recent publication by a Professor Chalybus was being discussed.
Chalybus' book was published in 1843, but I don't know and can't find out what month it was published, and that's an issue because Marx leaves for Paris in October of that year.
assuming that he did get the thesis, antithesis, synthesis thing from Chalybus, does anyone kno of any other occasions where he uses it (other than the poverty of philosophy), or where anyone else (Engels, for example) enshrines it as dogma?
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Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded . Zeno’s paradoxes have long been denigrated as mere sophistry, but they have recently received renewed attention and praise for their insight into the nature of mathematics.Zeno was a disciple of Parmenides, the philosopher who first introduced the notion of the permanence of Being as opposed to the primacy of movement stressed by Heraclitus.Conflict in nature may also beget development, but acting in a different way.This same confusion has pervaded concepts of the dialectic in philosophy, particularly in Marxism.The term was given new life by Hegel, whose dialectically dynamic model of nature and history made it a fundamental aspect of the nature of reality.In the mid-nineteenth century, the concept of "dialectic" was appropriated by Marx and retooled in a non-idealist manner, becoming a crucial notion in their philosophy of dialectical materialism.If Being is immutable and permanent, the natural conclusion is that all movement is illusion.This is precisely what Zeno was trying to show with his paradoxes.Expressed in everyday language, the idea of the dialectic implies a movement of back and forth similar to slalom in skiing.The movement goes right, then left, then right again, and so on, but the overall direction is straight ahead.