This resistance has, however, come at a gargantuan cost.
Since 2013, for every Indian soldier or policeman killed, about two insurgents have been killed.
What keeps the insurgency alive In a nutshell, Kashmiri Muslims and Pakistani support are the primary reasons behind the longevity of the Kashmiri resistance to the occupation by the regional superpower India.
But the real oxygen for resistance is India’s iron-fisted policies and defiance.
That number does not take into account a vast invisible army of intelligence operatives and informers.
This is the staggering number of forces deployed in occupied Kashmir: Between 200,000 to 250,000 army soldiers, between 65,000 to 80,000 paramilitary central reserve police force personnel, between 20,000 to 30,000 border security forces and other paramilitary groups, 85000 local police and 36000 special police officers (which is like an irregular mercenary police force engaged on a salary of just under a month), and 25,000 to 30,000 village defence committee personnel (a civilian militia armed by the state mostly comprising Hindus).
An afterthought to protracted conflicts like Palestine that have managed to capture the world’s attention.
Kashmir was never catastrophic enough to move the world, to get noticed sufficiently.
What has rattled the Indian state since 2014 is the phenomenon of civilians coming in between insurgents and government forces during a gunfight in a bid to help the besieged, outnumbered and outgunned militants escape.
Indian forces have killed at least 30 civilians, including about six women, during such rescue protests (protests aimed at saving militants) in the past four years.