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It includes texts you made use of, not only texts you referred to in your paper, but your own additional background reading, and any other articles you think the reader might need as background reading.
Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated.
The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma.
Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ).
Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to cite more than one of them.
Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it.
Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant?Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002).Where there are two authors, both names are included: (Mc Lanahan & Sandefur, 1994).In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system.The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail.If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the page where you copy from.This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book.A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference.However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference.Browse through the back pages of different journals to get an idea.Our advice is to choose a system you like - or your teachers prefer - and use it consistently.