Most importantly, then, you must use your section headings in the same way that you use topic sentences or thesis statements: to control, limit, and organize your thinking for your reader’s sake.
Most papers use "Conclusion" as a heading for the final section of the text, although there are times when headings such as "Future Trends" will serve equally well for a paper’s closing section.
Beware of the temptation to open your final paragraph with "In conclusion," or "In summary," and then summarize the paper.
Instead, let your entire conclusion stand as a graceful termination of an argument.
I was driving the endless miles of Interstate 70 crossing Kansas when I began to notice that the exits all looked the same. Thesis statements usually forecast the paper’s content, present the paper’s fundamental hypothesis, or even suggest that the paper is an argument for a particular way of thinking about a topic. Here are two carefully focused and thoughtfully worded thesis statements, both of which appeared at the ends of introductory paragraphs: This paper reviews the problem of Pennsylvania’s dwindling landfill space, evaluates the success of recycling as a solution to this problem, and challenges the assumption that Pennsylvania will run out of landfill space by the year 2020.
Avoid the purely mechanical act of writing statements like "The first topic covered in this paper is x. As this paper will show, the fundamental problem behind the Arab-Israeli conflict is the lack of a workable solution to the third stage of partition, which greatly hinders the current negotiations for peace.Clearly, the title "An Overview of the Hydraulic Fracturing of Methane-Bearing Coal Formations" is more complete, satisfying, and informative than "Hydraulic Fracturing." The title is important because it announces the paper’s specific content and typically serves as a pathway to the paper’s thesis.Your introduction is your opportunity to be at your most individual.Normally you are allowed and encouraged to use section headings to help both yourself and the reader follow the flow of the paper.Always word your section headings clearly, and do not stray from the subject that you have identified within a section.Tables and figures should always have descriptive captions, and if they come directly from sources, the sources must be specifically credited in the captions with the same citation style that you use throughout the paper.A paper’s title should be succinct and definitive, individual and informational.From the flat state of Indiana, here are two pages on how to write sound thesis statements: "How to Write a Thesis Statement" article from Indiana University, Bloomington "Tips and Examples for Writing a Thesis Statement" article from Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL) Never simply label the middle bulk of the paper as "Body" and then lump a bunch of information into one big section.Instead, organize the body of your paper into sections by using an overarching principle that supports your thesis, even if that simply means presenting four different methods for solving some problem one method at a time.Otherwise, incorporate the advice that follows into your papers wherever appropriate.Here are some excellent websites for further advice about writing term papers: "Term Paper Guidelines" article from Lock Haven University "How to Write Academic Term Papers" article from Of course, papers should always be typed, double-spaced on 8-1/2 x 11 paper on one side of the page only, and letter-quality print or better is always expected.