Before 1975, the grading scheme varied between examination boards, but typically there were "pass" grades of 1 to 6 and "fail" grades of 7 to 9.However the grades were not displayed on certificates.In Northern Irish schools, to Year 10 students, generally lasting until the end of that year or the end of Year 12. In the United Kingdom, the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academic qualification, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.Tags: Ruby Bridges Movie EssayChoosing Dissertation Committee MembersExplanatory Essay FormatTypes Of Introductions For EssaysTeachers Should Get Paid More EssaysA Cruel Angel Thesis Director Edit VersionSummary Of A Research Paper
Before the introduction of GCSEs, students took CSE (Certificate of Secondary Education) or the more academically challenging O-Level (General Certificate of Education (GCE) Ordinary Level) exams, or a combination of the two, in various subjects.
The CSE broadly covered GCSE grades C-G or 4-1, and the O-Level covered grades A*-C or 9-4, but the two were independent qualifications, with different grading systems.
Each GCSE qualification is in a particular subject, and stands alone, but a suite of such qualifications (or their equivalent) is generally accepted as the record of achievement at the age of 16, in place of a leaving certificate or baccalaureate qualification in other territories.
Studies for GCSE examinations generally take place over a period of two or three academic years (depending upon the subject, school, and exam board), starting in Year 9 or Year 10 for the majority of students, with examinations being sat at the end of Year 11 in England and Wales.
Some subjects will retain coursework on a non-assessed basis, with the completion of certain experiments in science subjects being assumed in examinations, and teacher reporting of spoken language participation for English GCSEs as a separate report.
Other changes include the move to a numerical grading system, to differentiate the new qualifications from the old-style letter-graded GCSEs, publication of core content requirements for all subjects, and an increase in longer, essay-style questions to challenge students more.They replaced the former CSE and O-Level qualifications, uniting the two qualifications to allow access to the full range of grades for more students.However the exam papers sometimes had a choice of questions designed for the more able and the less able candidates.Upon introduction, the GCSEs were graded on a letter scale, from A to G, with a C being set as roughly equivalent to an O-Level Grade C, or a CSE Grade 1, and thus achievable by roughly the top 25% of each cohort.Over time, the range of subjects offered, the format of the examinations, the regulations, the content, and the grading of GCSE examinations has altered considerably.Text books have been published by Hodder and Folens along with a Teachers' Guide to support delivery.For schools in Wales, WJEC has identified an overlap in terms of skills between WJEC GCSE ICT and the Essential Skills Wales ICT qualifications.Candidates submitting the unit 2 Controlled Task will meet the requirements of both with a little extra documentation.Courses: In English and Welsh schools, to Year 9 and 10 students, with the course generally lasting until the end of Year 11. A series in November is also available for mathematics and English.The CSE was graded on a numerical scale from 1 to 5, with 1 being the highest, and 5 being the lowest passing grade. The highest grade, 1, was considered equivalent to an O-Level C grade or above, and achievement of this grade often indicated that the student could have taken an O-Level course in the subject to achieve a higher qualification.As the two were independent qualifications with separate syllabi, a separate course of study would have to be taken to "convert" a CSE to an O-Level in order to progress to A-Level.