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However, with very few opportunities for formal training in reviewing manuscripts, many are left to figure it out for themselves, and can end up feeling lost and intimidated.This post will guide you through the main points of writing a good peer review.What You Should Not Do While Writing a Peer Review Although there is plenty of advice available on peer reviewing for scientific journals, that advice tends to blend the discussion of what a reviewer should not do with that of what he or she should do to be successful.
• Most peer reviews are blind, which is to say that the author will not know the identity of the reviewer, but even if this policy is not in place, avoid personal remarks and personal details in your review report.
• Suggestions for improvements should certainly be offered, but within reason.
The editor has sought your opinion and wants to know exactly what you think, so be clear and as decisive as possible.
• Never forget that you are also an author whose writing undergoes peer review.
• Do not be harsh, mean spirited or dismissive in your comments, even when you think the research and paper poor.
The author can still benefit from your comments, and you should never say that you will not bother reviewing an article because it is so poor.It is unethical to use your position as a reviewer in order to force authors to cite your publications. As a scientific reviewer you will read many papers that approach and discuss issues in ways that you might not, and even papers that come to conclusions that contradict your own research and writing.The question is whether the research is valid and the paper makes an impact, not whether you like that impact or not.How To Write Highlights for an Academic or Scientific Paper Although some academic and scientific journals have a long tradition of requesting summaries of key findings from the authors of articles accepted for publication, highlights are, for the most part,...The Dos and Don’ts of How To Reply to Peer Review Comments When that journal editor you have been waiting to hear from finally writes to say that the research paper you submitted cannot be published in its present form...To gain some professional insight on the process, I spoke with Dr. The first thing to ask yourself when being invited to review an article is whether you are the right person for the job.The two major considerations here are time and expertise.Do not forget that you are the reviewer and critic, not the author or co-author of the paper.• When you mention that scholarship is missing from the references, think about what is relevant to the research, not your own citation counts.Basing your evaluation and recommendation on selfish or unethical reasons such as prejudices, personal grudges or a desire to dominate your field is always inappropriate.• Do not close your review with vague or uncertain recommendations.