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Uniform semiclassical approximations and their applications.
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Don’t Ignore Class When Addressing Racial Gaps in Intergenerational Mobility.
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In so doing, we clarify key concepts from the original thesis, delineate the proper context of validation, and address new challenges.
Overall, we find that the accumulated empirical evidence provides broad but qualified support for the theoretical claims.It can be traced back to William Julius Wilson's 1987 book The Truly Disadvantaged, which argued that racial differences in crime rates are due to differences in the communities in which American whites and blacks live. Depinning with Elastic Waves: Criticality, Hysteresis, and Even Pseudo-Hysteresis. A simple example of invariance is expressed in our ability to count.For a finite set of objects of any kind, there is a number to which we always arrive, regardless of the order in which we count the objects in the set.The quantity—a cardinal number—is associated with the set, and is invariant under the process of counting.An identity is an equation that remains true for all values of its variables.We conclude by charting a dual path forward: an agenda for future research on the linkages between race and crime, and policy recommendations that align with the theory’s emphasis on neighborhood level structural forces but with causal space for cultural factors.).Race and Economic Opportunity in the United States: An Intergenerational Perspective. The Equality of Opportunity Project, Available at: More generally, an invariant with respect to an equivalence relation is a property that is constant on each equivalence class.Invariants are used in diverse areas of mathematics such as geometry, topology, algebra and discrete mathematics.