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Defining problems refers to learning to break down a problem into manageable pieces and to put a problem into context.This step involves helping participants to recognize their bodily reactions to problems, as well as techniques for stopping and slowing down.They may have good decision-making (coping mechanisms) styles that may sometimes be helpful, yet at other times be potentially harmful.
The STEPS program helps people with intellectual disabilities to develop social problem skills for dealing with their problems in order to reduce behaviors that are disruptive or harmful.
This program provides important day-to-day guidance and support that encourages attitudes and behaviors that foster community participation at home and at work.
Predict refers to thinking through and predicting what might happen given the alternative ways to solve problems.
This step involves helping participants think through what might happen depending on their reactions to their problems.
While such techniques may often be used to assist a young person to take action with regard to their drug use, problem-solving approaches can also be applied in the reduction of drug-related harm.
For problem-solving techniques to be of value, the young person has to have some level of concern about the perceived problem.
Having a positive attitude towards problem solving refers to both the ways in which a person views a problem and their confidence in their own ability to solve it.
This does not mean that people need to remain positive when they are angry, upset, or sad.
A positive attitude about one’s ability to solve problems in turn positively impacts their success in dealing with and solving problems, even ones that they perceive as uncomfortable or intolerable.
This step involves having participants learn the difference between positive and negative perceptions of problems and their ability to solve them.