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Between 18 was published the Dizionario della lingua italiana by Niccolò Tommaseo.Between 18 was published the six volumes of A magyar nyelv szótára (Dictionary of Hungarian Language) by Gergely Czuczor and János Fogarasi.
Also in 1863 Vladimir Ivanovich Dahl published the Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language.
The Duden dictionary dates back to 1880, and is currently the prescriptive source for the spelling of German.
The first Sanskrit dictionary, the Amarakośa, was written by Amara Sinha c. In Frahang-i Pahlavig, Aramaic heterograms are listed together with their translation in Middle Persian language and phonetic transcription in Pazand alphabet.
A 9th-century CE Irish dictionary, Sanas Cormaic, contained etymologies and explanations of over 1,400 Irish words.
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
A broad distinction is made between general and specialized dictionaries.The first edition of A Greek-English Lexicon by Henry George Liddell and Robert Scott appeared in 1843; this work remained the basic dictionary of Greek until the end of the 20th century.And in 1858 was published the first volume of the Deutsches Wörterbuch by the Brothers Grimm; the work was completed in 1961.There are other types of dictionaries that do not fit neatly into the above distinction, for instance bilingual (translation) dictionaries, dictionaries of synonyms (thesauri), and rhyming dictionaries.The word dictionary (unqualified) is usually understood to refer to a general purpose monolingual dictionary.The early 2nd millennium BCE Urra=hubullu glossary is the canonical Babylonian version of such bilingual Sumerian wordlists. 3rd century BCE Erya, was the earliest surviving monolingual dictionary; although some sources cite the c.800 BCE Shizhoupian as a "dictionary", modern scholarship considers it a calligraphic compendium of Chinese characters from Zhou dynasty bronzes. 4th century BCE) wrote a pioneering vocabulary Disorderly Words (Ἄτακτοι γλῶσσαι, Átaktoi glôssai) which explained the meanings of rare Homeric and other literary words, words from local dialects, and technical terms. According to the Nihon Shoki, the first Japanese dictionary was the long-lost 682 CE Niina glossary of Chinese characters. 835 CE Tenrei Banshō Meigi, was also a glossary of written Chinese.The decision to start work on the Svenska Akademiens ordbok was taken in 1787.The earliest dictionaries in the English language were glossaries of French, Spanish or Latin words along with their definitions in English.Specialized dictionaries include words in specialist fields, rather than a complete range of words in the language.Lexical items that describe concepts in specific fields are usually called terms instead of words, although there is no consensus whether lexicology and terminology are two different fields of study.