Nominating economist: David Autor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Specialization: Globalization and labor markets Why?
(no explanation given)Institutions of authors: University of California, Berkeley; and University of Southern California Main finding: The police are less lenient with kids in areas with a larger share of minorities.
He applies his tools to the analysis of the Moving to Opportunity experiment, which offers low-income families the opportunities to move to better neighborhoods.
Pinto shows that, contrary to influential claims based on results from naïve application of experimental methods, there are substantial impacts on neighborhoods of the outcomes of both the adults and children of families.
The treated group was twice as likely to apply and twice as likely to enroll as the control group, and the enrollment increase did not come at the expense of more selective colleges..”Nominating economist: Raj Chetty, Stanford University Specialization: Public economics and equality of opportunity Why?
“People have been talking about how we can get more low- and middle-income students to attend highly selective colleges for a long time.The results are important for two reasons: (1) They show how detrimental lead exposure is, and (2) they show that the CDC intervention works to mitigate many of lead’s effects!Kids who get the intervention see large improvements in educational outcomes and antisocial behavior – including fewer arrests for violent crime.Nominating economist: Jennifer Doleac, Texas A&MSpecialization: Criminal justice and public policy Why?“This paper uses a clever natural experiment to measure the effect of a CDC-recommended intervention for kids with high exposure to lead.The chosen studies capture the concerns of 2018, with subjects ranging from criminal justice to how to best design an auction.Here are their picks: Institutions of authors: University of Michigan, Syracuse University, and the College Board Main finding: Encouraging high-achieving, low-income students to apply to a university, along with the promise of aid, makes them much more likely to go to a good school.“This is the most compelling paper I’ve encountered in 2018.By demonstrating the dominant role of dynastic effects in the transmission of resources across generations as the fundamental source of wealth concentration, it undercuts a host of explanations for wealth inequality that implicate personal decisions and judgments.”Institutions of authors: University of Colorado, Boulder; and University of Sydney Main finding: Exposure to lead negatively impacts kids for the rest of their lives.“‘Randomized control trials are considered the “gold standard” of economic evaluation research.Yet, many people assigned to treatment status do not comply.