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The life of banyan tree is very long and is thought of as an immortal tree.Distribution Banyan trees are found all over tropical and sub-tropical parts of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
The bark and leaf extracts are used to arrest bleeding.
Infusion of the leaf buds are used to treat chronic diarrhea/dysentery.
They have very powerful roots that can penetrate very hard surfaces like concrete and even stones sometimes.
Older banyan trees are characterized by emergence of aerial prop roots that are thin and fibrous when new, but develop into thick branchlike appearance once they are old and firmly rooted onto the soil.
The banyan tree is massive not only from outside but it also sends new shoots from its roots, making the tree a tangle of branches, roots and trunks.
The banyan tree towers magnificently over its neighbors and has the widest reaching roots of all known trees, covering several acres.The tree begins its life as an epiphyte and often uses other mature trees as hosts.Banyan tree is propagated primarily by root tip cuttings or the eye cuttings.Name: Banyan Scientific Name: Ficus benghalensis Adopted in: 1950 Found in: Native to Indian Subcontinent Habitat: Terrestrial Conservation Status: Not-threatened Type: Figs Dimensions: 10-25 m in height; branch span upto 100 m The national tree of a country is one of the symbols of pride that is integral to the nation’s identity.To be considered as such, the tree must hold tremendous cultural significance that echoes through the country’s psyche.The flowers grow within a special type of inflorescence called Hypanthodium that is characteristic of Fig family trees.It is sort of a receptacle which encloses both the male and the female flowers with an opening on top known as the ostioles.The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. It is often a focal point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided.The tree is often symbol of the fabled ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ or the ‘Tree of Wish Fullfillment’ as it is associated with longevity and has important medicinal properties.The very size of the banyan tree makes it a habitat for a large number of creatures.For centuries the banyan tree has been a central point for the village communities of India.